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The development of Social Work

Personal and Professional Development of Social Work Essay

The development of Social Work

While working on this essay you should have in mind the other topics we have covered such as social work reflective essay examples, the personal and professional development essay, the origin and development of social work essay, history of social work in USA pdf, and evolution of social work profession pdf. Learn how to write a definition essay here.



1. Focus:

The focus of the paper must address an overview of the social work profession to provide
students with a foundational understanding of the social work profession and the
knowledge, values, and skills necessary to conduct oneself as a professional social worker.

The paper should cover the following information:

(a) the development of the profession from a historical viewpoint,

(b) identify a social work pioneer who has contributed to the
field of social work, and

(c) discuss the mission and core values of the profession.

Students often find it helpful, in addition to their library research, to interview a
professional social worker for purposes of learning roles, functions, and professional
conduct/demeanor of professional social workers.

2. Content:

Your paper should be outlined as follows:
APA Title Page;
Narrative (6-8 pages); – Including introduction, three content sections listed above and the

3. Requirements:

The term paper will be 6 pages in narrative length and no more than 8 pages.

The paper will be in APA format, with at least six references for the paper.

Half of the citations used should be from recent professional periodical (journal) literature.

The paper should be typed, double spaced, and formatted in the American Psychological Association (APA)

You must use a 12-point font and avoid excessive spacing and white space.

Helpful APA website: The course’s Blackboard site also contains an APA link which contains helpful information and tutorials
regarding APA formatting.

Typically the abstract is written after the narrative has been completed. The abstract summarizes the focus of the paper and the key findings. Do not exceed 100 words in the abstract.

Paper should be submitted in Blackboard on the Term

Paper Link in the correct file format on or before the due date.

Essay on Social Service in School

The Affordable Care Act

Racial disparities that accompany the American health care system are not altogether new and sadly enough, even with the enactment of such landmark laws as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and specifically Section 1557 of the ACA, racial issues have not come to rest. By purporting to clamp down on discriminating against ethnic minorities and individuals as well as populations based on gender, color, creed and qualities of the like, the ACA presumes that access to health would become more universal and equal for all Americans. However, research shows that the issue of discrimination, more so based on racial or rather ethnic profiling, is quite complex. Deciphering discrimination often takes the analyst through hoops and loops of intent, extent, or even manner, which are far too convoluted to contextualize within the healthcare setting.

Access to mental health care is one of the areas that desperately need the enforcement of Section 1557 of the ACA. Even though the ACA may be the “crowning” law that brings the majority of Americans under medical cover regardless of their ethnic uniqueness, Section 1557 embodies the actual provisions that spell in word equal protection of every American when accessing healthcare services whether they are of minority groups or not. However, minority groups occupy a special spot when it comes to the tenacity of Section 1557 and ACA as a whole. Research shows that minority groups, specifically African Americans are a grave disadvantage when accessing health care and are 13.1% more likely to report race related incidences (Sorkin, Ngo-Metzger, & Israel, 2010).

As discussed in the previous assignment, African Americans suffer the consequence of a prejudiced health care system more so when it comes to accessing services specifically tailored for mental health treatment. The discriminatory system does not specifically take into account the unique position of the average African American who contends with societal stressors as etiological factors to mental health or pose as impulsions in exacerbating mental disorders amidst African American populations (Davis et al., 2008). Worth mentioning that it is not the law that is to blame, even though under certain circumstances it may seem inadequate, but rather subtle forms of maltreatment of the African American mental problem and the complexity of tackling the racial profiling scourge (, n.d.; Hausmann et al., 2010).

Provisions of Section 1557 of the ACA

Section 1557 of the ACA embodies the express non-discriminatory provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted by the Obama administration to counter all forms of discrimination that could be projected to the American public, whether premeditated or inadvertent, or whether projected based on sex, age, race, color, creed, national origin, or national origin (, 2017; Blake, 2016; Keith, Lucia, & Monahan, 2013; Office of the Secretary, 2016). The ACA provides insurance cover for Americans beyond the set of characteristic uniqueness mentioned above while Section 1557 spells out the circumstances under which the policy remains valid as well as the individual qualities that may not be exploited by insurance companies to bar such vulnerable population as mentally ill African Americans.

The three scenarios mentioned in Section 1557 include health programs and activities that receive funding from the HHS, health programs and activities that fall within the administrative framework of the HHS through the ACA, and health insurance marketplaces as well as participating insurers falling within the scope of HHS through the ACA (, 2015;, 2017). It implies African Americans suffering from mental disorders, a condition that has always been at the forefront of discrimination are now fully protected by the ACA as outlined in Section 1557. They have a fully protected right to accessing insurance that specifically cover their mental illnesses, as well as the right to seek medication from health institutions that participating in the ACA or are directly funded by the HHS without the fear of discrimination. However, studies show that in as much as the ACA may protect against such social injustices when African Americans seek their right to complete, unbiased, and high quality health services under the ACA, particular contextualization scenarios still prove harder to protect mentally ill African Americans. Discriminating against African Americans in the health care system is an old problem that has not been solved and does not seem like it will be fully solved so long as there is still vehement denial of such injustice.

Historical Backdrop

The materialization of the ACA cannot be said to have come with the Obama administration even though it could be applauded as a bold attempt by an unprecedented president to overhaul the American health care system to cover as much Americans as possible and from a fair and equal standpoint like had not been witnessed in America. The ACA sought social justice in the American health care system where coverage was only limited to a few people even though health care is indeed a right to every American. The ACA builds on civil right laws that aimed at amplifying and subsequently actualizing the need for equality along racial, ethnic, sexual, gender, color, age, and creed lines for instance the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI) and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) (, 2015).

The journey to the ACA began in July of 2009 when a select group of Democrats in conjunction with Nancy Pelosi (House Speaker) pushed for an overhaul reform to the existing health care policy. By the 21st of March, 2010, the bill had been approved by a 219-212 affirmative vote and signed into law on the 23rd of March, 2010. Such figures as Senator Max Baucus (D-CA), President Obama and a horde of democrats had been a key figure in pushing the bill into law (Smith, 2012). However, as noted above, the coming into law of the ACA is hallmarked as a turning point in America’s health care policy. It was the closest America had ever gotten to getting a nationwide cover and the closest it had ever got to an equal and fair system that clamped down outright discrimination against vulnerable populations, including African Americans.

The historical backdrop of the ACA traces back to the civil rights movement of the 60s, pushed by personalities such as Martin Luther King and Montague Cobb, such landmark cases as Simkins v. Cone, and such organizations as he NAACP and NMA (Newkirk, 2017; Hoffman, 2003). The civil rights movement pushed for a more equal America, a fair America, an inclusive America, an America that served its people with dignity and based on their personalities, and most of all, an America that assured and protected the rights of its citizenry, rights which constituted health care services. The civil rights movement paved the way for rethinking the American health care system as a right rather than a privilege (Newkirk, 2017). It soon gave rise to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Medicare as well as Medicaid a year later, and five decades later, the ACA which follows in the same ideology of the civil rights movement in stamping discriminatory practices in accessing public services. Development of Social Work.


Davis, R. G., Ressler, K. J., Schwartz, A. C., Stephens, K. J., & Bradley, R. G. (2008). Treatment barriers for low-income, urban African Americans with undiagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21(2), 218-222. (n.d.). Eliminating Racial Discrimination in Health Care: A Call for State HealthCare Anti-discrimination Law. Retrieved from

Newkirk, V. R. (2017). The Fight for Health Care Has Always Been About Civil Rights. The Atlantic. Retrieved from

Hoffman, B. (2003). Health care reform and social movements in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 93(1), 75-85.

Sorkin, D. H., Ngo-Metzger, Q., & De Alba, I. (2010). Racial/ethnic discrimination in health care: impact on perceived quality of care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(5), 390-396.

Hausmann, L. R., Kressin, N. R., Hanusa, B. H., & Ibrahim, S. A. (2010). Perceived racial discrimination in health care and its association with patients’ healthcare experiences: does the measure matter? Ethnicity & disease, 20(1), 40.

Office of the Secretary. (2016). Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities. Federal Register, 81(96), 31376-3473.

Keith, K., Lucia, K. & Monahan, C. (2013). Nondiscrimination under the Affordable Care Act. The Center on Health Insurance Reforms.

Blake, V. K. (2016). An Opening for Civil Rights in Health Insurance After the Affordable Care Act. BCJL & Soc. Just., 36, 235.

Smith, E. (2012, June 28). Timeline of the health care law. CNN. Retrieved from (2015, November 12). Fact Sheet: Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities Proposed Rule – Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act. Retrieved from (2017, July 30). Section 1557 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Retrieved from

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